Apache Tomcat Administration

Apache Tomcat Administration


This course is for all staff seeking a thorough overview of Tomcat and its administration.


Delegates are expected to be IT professionals but no prior knowledge of Tomcat is expected.

Attending our Apache Webserver (Win & Linux) course would be highly beneficial.


2 days. Hands on.

NOTE: This course is often run back-to-back with our Apache Webserver (Win & Linux), over a total of three days, please call for details.

Course Objectives

This course gives an overview of Tomcat before covering the detail of installing and configuring Tomcat Web Server. Students will learn the details of the server.xml configuration file, an overview of Servlet and JavaServer Pages, a comparison of Tomcat to Java EE application servers, the Tomcat installation directories, deploying Java Web applications, the web.xml file, valves, loggers, security realms, connecting Tomcat to Apache Web Server, hosting multiple Web sites, performance issues, load testing, the Tomcat Manager and the Tomcat Administration tool.

Course Content

Apache and Jakarta Tomcat
Brief history of Apache.
The Apache Software Foundation.
The Jakarta Project.
Tomcat Licensing.
The Java EE Technologies.
Java Web Development.
Servlet/JSP Containers.

Java Web Applications
Overview of Servlets.
Advantages of Servlets.
Lifecycle of a Servlet.
Overview of JavaServer Pages.
A Simple JavaServer Page.
JSP and JavaBeans.
JSP Tag Libraries.
The Struts Framework.

Installing Tomcat
Downloading and Installing Apache Tomcat.
Overview of Installing Tomcat.
Download and install a JVM.
Download Tomcat.
Using the Windows installer.
Tweak the JVM for performance.
Download and install Ant.

Tomcat Directories
Examining the Tomcat Installation Directories.
Tomcat Directory Structure.
The in Directory.
common and shared Directories.
The conf Directory.
The logs Directory.
The server directory.
The work Directory.
The emp Directory.
The webapps Directory.
Web Application Directory Structure.
Deploying HTML and JSP Pages.
Deploying a Web Context.
Viewing the JSP Page.
Viewing the Generated Code.
Lab 1: Deploying a Web App.

Configuring Tomcat
Tomcat Configuration Techniques.
Tomcat’s Component Architecture.
The server.xml File.
Lab 2: Modifying server.xml.

Deploying Web Applications
Web Application Administration.
Deploying Web Applications.
The Directory Structure of a Web App.
web.xml configuration file.
Deployment Descriptors.
Mapping a Servlet to a URL.
A Sample web.xml file.
Lab 3: Deploying a Web Application.

The Tomcat Manager
Deploying and Managing Web Application using the Tomcat Manager.
Starting the Tomcat Manager.
Tomcat Manager.
The Manager Section.
Server Information.
Creating a WAR File.
Lab 4: Deploying a WAR File.

Advanced Features
Using Some of the Advanced Features of Tomcat.
Access Log Valve.
Single Sign-on Valve.
Remote Address Filter.
Remote Host Filter.
Request Dumper Valve.
Configuring JNDI Resources.
JNDI: Java Naming and Directory Interface.
Defining a JNDI Resource.
Configuring a JavaMail Session.
Global Resources.
Lab 5: Using Valves.

JDBC Connectivity
Configuring Tomcat to Connect to a Database.
Overview of JDBC.
JDBC Drivers.
Connecting to a Database.
Connection Pools.
Download and Install MySQL.
Configure MySQL for Tomcat.
Create a Database in MySQL.
Download and Deploy a JDBC Driver.
Defining a DataSource in Tomcat.
Defining a Data Source Manually.
Modifying the Deployment Descriptor.
Lab 6: JDBC Connections.

Tomcat Security
Configuring Security on Tomcat.
Security Considerations.
File System Security.
File system Recommendations.
The Java Security Manager.
Granting Permissions to Java Apps.
Java Permissions.
Adding Your Own Policies.
Enabling the Java Security Manager.
Security Manager Tips.
Security Realms.
Different Types of Realms.
Configuring a Realm.
Users and Roles.
Creating a Data Source Realm.
Configuring Tomcat for SSL.
Lab 7: Create a Data Source Realm.

Connecting Tomcat to Apache.
Overview of Connectors.
HTTP Connectors.
Advantages of Using a Web Server.
Connector Protocols.
Step 1: Configure an AJP Connector.
Step 2: Download mod_jk.
Step 3: Create the mod_jk.conf file.
Step 4: Start Tomcat.
Step 5: Create a Worker.
Step 6: Configure httpd.conf.
Test the Setup.

Shared Hosting
Overview of Shared Hosting.
Tomcat Virtual Hosting.
Configure Tomcat to enable virtual hosting as a stand-alone server.
Configure Tomcat to enable virtual hosting using jk2 or webapp.
Configure Tomcat as Stand-alone.
Configure Tomcat with AJP.
Separate JVM for Each Host.

Load Testing
Using the JMeter Application.
Load Testing with JMeter.
Install JMeter.
Running JMeter.
Creating a Test Plan.
Configure the Thread Group.
Add a Task to the Thread Group.
Configure the HTTP Request.
Add a Report Listener.
Run the Test Plan.
Viewing the Results.

Virtual Courses

ALL of our courses can be delivered virtually. And our Bath public schedule of courses are now available as live virtual sessions, using the popular Zoom Virtual Classroom and remote labs. Delegates can test their access at: www.zoom.us/test

Public Courses

On-Site Courses

Can't attend one of our public classes? Booking for multiple people?

All our courses are available on your site! Delivered for your staff, at your premises.

Contact us to find out more...