LPIC-1: Linux Administrator Certification Fast-Track Bootcamp (Exams 101 & 102)

LPIC-1: Linux Administrator Certification Fast-Track Bootcamp (Exams 101 & 102)

Audience

This course will be of great benefit to anyone wishing to formalise their Linux knowledge and gain the skills to perform basic installation, operation, and troubleshooting services on Linux workstations and servers. Microsoft professionals seeking to add Linux expertise will also find this course useful. On completing the course and successfully passing the two exams, delegates will be fully LPIC-1 qualified.

LPIC-1 is the first certification in LPI’s multi-level Linux Professional certification program. LPIC-1 will validate your ability to perform maintenance tasks on the command line, install and configure a computer running Linux and configure basic networking. To become qualified you must pass two exams:

Prerequisites

You should have a good understanding of the principles of IT, but do not need any specific Linux knowledge prior to attending.

We will provide detailed pre-course material which will give you all the information you need to attend.

Duration

5 days. Hands on.

The first exam is taken on the fourth day. The second exam is taken later at any PearsonVUE exam centre – and only when you are ready to take it!

Course Objectives

The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) is the premier certification body for vendor independent Linux certifications. This intensive bootcamp is designed to take delegates, both those new to Linux and those with previous experience, through the LPIC-1 process. The package is inclusive of both exams leading to the full LPIC-1 certification.

After completing this course delegates will be able to:

  • Understand the architecture of a Linux system
  • Install and maintain a Linux workstation, including X11 and set it up as a network client
  • Work at the Linux command line, including common GNU and Unix commands
  • Handle files and access permissions as well as system security
  • Perform easy maintenance tasks: help users, add users to a larger system, backup and restore, shutdown and reboot

LPIC-1 Exam 101-500 covers the following topics:

  • System Architecture
  • Linux Installation and Package Management
  • GNU and Unix Commands
  • Devices, Linux Filesystems, Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

LPIC-1 Exam 102-500 covers the following topics:

  • Shells and Shell Scripting
  • Interfaces and Desktops
  • Administrative Tasks
  • Essential System Services
  • Networking Fundamentals
  • Security

The course is structured to give delegates a good understanding of Linux before preparing them to take the first exam on the Thursday of the course. The remainder of the class is then spent concentrating on what delegates need to do in order to pass the second exam and become fully qualified. Exam vouchers are provided at the end of the course, which can be used at any PearsonVUE testing centre, allowing the attendees to prepare for the second exam in their own time, maximising their chances of passing first time. Our dedicated trainers will be available via online forums and email to answer questions and offer their full support and help until delegates have successfully passed both exams. Getting you certified is our primary aim!

Course highlights:

  • All pre- and post-course materials and manuals are provided
  • All exam fees (for both exams) are included
  • Exam revision sessions and practice exams included
  • Full pre- and post-course tutor support
  • Restaurant lunches and refreshments included
  • Training in the centre of the World Heritage City of Bath
  • Free re-sits if you don't pass first time (you just pay the exam cost)

In our opinion there is no better, faster or more cost effective way of becoming LPIC-1 qualified!

Course Content

System Architecture

Determine and configure hardware settings
Candidates should be able to determine and configure fundamental system hardware.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Enable and disable integrated peripherals
• Differentiate between the various types of mass storage devices
• Determine hardware resources for devices
• Tools and utilities to list various hardware information (e.g. lsusb, lspci, etc.)
• Tools and utilities to manipulate USB devices
• Conceptual understanding of sysfs, udev and dbus

Boot the system
Candidates should be able to guide the system through the booting process.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Provide common commands to the boot loader and options to the kernel at boot time
• Demonstrate knowledge of the boot sequence from BIOS/UEFI to boot completion
• Understanding of SysVinit and systemd
• Awareness of Upstart
• Check boot events in the log files

Change runlevels / boot targets and shutdown or reboot system
Candidates should be able to manage the SysVinit runlevel or systemd boot target of the system. This objective includes changing to single user mode, shutdown or rebooting the system. Candidates should be able to alert users before switching runlevels / boot targets and properly terminate processes. This objective also includes setting the default SysVinit runlevel or systemd boot target. It also includes awareness of Upstart as an alternative to SysVinit or systemd.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Set the default runlevel or boot target
• Change between runlevels / boot targets including single user mode
• Shutdown and reboot from the command line
• Alert users before switching runlevels / boot targets or other major system events
• Properly terminate processes
• Awareness of acpid

Linux Installation and Package Management

Design hard disk layout
Candidates should be able to design a disk partitioning scheme for a Linux system.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Allocate filesystems and swap space to separate partitions or disks
• Tailor the design to the intended use of the system
• Ensure the /boot partition conforms to the hardware architecture requirements for booting
• Knowledge of basic features of LVM

Install a boot manager
Candidates should be able to select, install and configure a boot manager.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Providing alternative boot locations and backup boot options
• Install and configure a boot loader such as GRUB Legacy
• Perform basic configuration changes for GRUB 2
• Interact with the boot loader

Manage shared libraries
Candidates should be able to determine the shared libraries that executable programs depend on and install them when necessary.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Identify shared libraries
• Identify the typical locations of system libraries
• Load shared libraries

Use Debian package management
Candidates should be able to perform package management using the Debian package tools.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Install, upgrade and uninstall Debian binary packages
• Find packages containing specific files or libraries which may or may not be installed
• Obtain package information like version, content, dependencies, package integrity and installation status (whether or not the package is installed)
• Awareness of apt

Use RPM and YUM package management
Candidates should be able to perform package management using RPM, YUM and Zypper.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Install, re-install, upgrade and remove packages using RPM, YUM and Zypper
• Obtain information on RPM packages such as version, status, dependencies, integrity and signatures
• Determine what files a package provides, as well as find which package a specific file comes from
• Awareness of dnf

Linux as a virtualization guest
Candidates should understand the implications of virtualization and cloud computing on a Linux guest system.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Understand the general concept of virtual machines and containers
• Understand common elements virtual machines in an IaaS cloud, such as computing instances, block storage and networking
• Understand unique properties of a Linux system which have to change when a system is cloned or used as a template
• Understand how system images are used to deploy virtual machines, cloud instances and containers
• Understand Linux extensions which integrate Linux with a virtualization product
• Awareness of cloud-init

GNU and Unix Commands

Work on the command line
Candidates should be able to interact with shells and commands using the command line. The objective assumes the Bash shell.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Use single shell commands and one line command sequences to perform basic tasks on the command line
• Use and modify the shell environment including defining, referencing and exporting environment variables
• Use and edit command history
• Invoke commands inside and outside the defined path

Process text streams using filters
Candidates should be able to apply filters to text streams.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Send text files and output streams through text utility filters to modify the output using standard UNIX commands found in the GNU textutils package

Perform basic file management
Candidates should be able to use the basic Linux commands to manage files and directories.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Copy, move and remove files and directories individually
• Copy multiple files and directories recursively
• Remove files and directories recursively
• Use simple and advanced wildcard specifications in commands
• Using find to locate and act on files based on type, size, or time
• Usage of tar, cpio and dd

Use streams, pipes and redirects
Candidates should be able to redirect streams and connect them in order to efficiently process textual data. Tasks include redirecting standard input, standard output and standard error, piping the output of one command to the input of another command, using the output of one command as arguments to another command and sending output to both stdout and a file.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Redirecting standard input, standard output and standard error
• Pipe the output of one command to the input of another command
• Use the output of one command as arguments to another command
• Send output to both stdout and a file

Create, monitor and kill processes
Candidates should be able to perform basic process management.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Run jobs in the foreground and background
• Signal a program to continue running after logout
• Monitor active processes
• Select and sort processes for display
• Send signals to processes

Modify process execution priorities
Candidates should be able to manage process execution priorities.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Know the default priority of a job that is created
• Run a program with higher or lower priority than the default
• Change the priority of a running process

Search text files using regular expressions
Candidates should be able to manipulate files and text data using regular expressions. This objective includes creating simple regular expressions containing several notational elements as well as understanding the differences between basic and extended regular expressions. It also includes using regular expression tools to perform searches through a filesystem or file content.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Create simple regular expressions containing several notational elements
• Understand the differences between basic and extended regular expressions
• Understand the concepts of special characters, character classes, quantifiers and anchors
• Use regular expression tools to perform searches through a filesystem or file content
• Use regular expressions to delete, change and substitute text

Basic file editing
Candidates should be able to edit text files using vi. This objective includes vi navigation, vi modes, inserting, editing, deleting, copying and finding text. It also includes awareness of other common editors and setting the default editor.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Navigate a document using vi
• Understand and use vi modes
• Insert, edit, delete, copy and find text in vi
• Awareness of Emacs, nano and vim
• Configure the standard editor

Devices, Linux Filesystems, Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

Create partitions and filesystems
Candidates should be able to configure disk partitions and then create filesystems on media such as hard disks. This includes the handling of swap partitions.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Manage MBR and GPT partition tables
• Use various mkfs commands to create various filesystems
• Basic feature knowledge of Btrfs, including multi-device filesystems, compression and subvolumes

Maintain the integrity of filesystems
Candidates should be able to maintain a standard filesystem, as well as the extra data associated with a journaling filesystem.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Verify the integrity of filesystems
• Monitor free space and inodes
• Repair simple filesystem problems

Control mounting and unmounting of filesystems
Candidates should be able to configure the mounting of a filesystem.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Manually mount and unmount filesystems
• Configure filesystem mounting on bootup
• Configure user mountable removable filesystems
• Use of labels and UUIDs for identifying and mounting file systems
• Awareness of systemd mount units

Manage file permissions and ownership
Candidates should be able to control file access through the proper use of permissions and ownerships.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Manage access permissions on regular and special files as well as directories
• Use access modes such as suid, sgid and the sticky bit to maintain security
• Know how to change the file creation mask
• Use the group field to grant file access to group members

Create and change hard and symbolic links
Candidates should be able to create and manage hard and symbolic links to a file.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Create links
• Identify hard and/or soft links
• Copying versus linking files
• Use links to support system administration tasks

Find system files and place files in the correct location
Candidates should be thoroughly familiar with the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS), including typical file locations and directory classifications.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Understand the correct locations of files under the FHS
• Find files and commands on a Linux system
• Know the location and purpose of important files and directories as defined in the FHS

Shells and Shell Scripting

Customize and use the shell environment
Candidates should be able to customize shell environments to meet users' needs. Candidates should be able to modify global and user profiles.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Set environment variables (e.g. PATH) at login or when spawning a new shell
• Write Bash functions for frequently used sequences of commands
• Maintain skeleton directories for new user accounts
• Set command search path with the proper directory

Customize or write simple scripts
Candidates should be able to customize existing scripts, or write simple new Bash scripts.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Use standard sh syntax (loops, tests)
• Use command substitution
• Test return values for success or failure or other information provided by a command
• Execute chained commands
• Perform conditional mailing to the superuser
• Correctly select the script interpreter through the shebang (#!) line
• Manage the location, ownership, execution and suid-rights of scripts

User Interfaces and Desktops

Install and configure X11
Candidates should be able to install and configure X11.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Understanding of the X11 architecture
• Basic understanding and knowledge of the X Window configuration file
• Overwrite specific aspects of Xorg configuration, such as keyboard layout
• Understand the components of desktop environments, such as display managers and window managers
• Manage access to the X server and display applications on remote X servers
• Awareness of Wayland

Graphical Desktops
Candidates should be aware of major Linux desktops. Furthermore, candidates should be aware of protocols used to access remote desktop sessions.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Awareness of major desktop environments
• Awareness of protocols to access remote desktop sessions

Accessibility
Demonstrate knowledge and awareness of accessibility technologies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Basic knowledge of visual settings and themes
• Basic knowledge of assistive technology

Administrative Tasks

Manage user and group accounts and related system files
Candidates should be able to add, remove, suspend and change user accounts.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Add, modify and remove users and groups
• Manage user/group info in password/group databases
• Create and manage special purpose and limited accounts

Automate system administration tasks by scheduling jobs
Candidates should be able to use cron and systemd timers to run jobs at regular intervals and to use at to run jobs at a specific time.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Manage cron and at jobs
• Configure user access to cron and at services
• Understand systemd timer units

Localisation and internationalisation
Candidates should be able to localize a system in a different language than English. As well, an understanding of why LANG=C is useful when scripting.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Configure locale settings and environment variables
• Configure timezone settings and environment variables

Essential System Services

Maintain system time
Candidates should be able to properly maintain the system time and synchronize the clock via NTP.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Set the system date and time
• Set the hardware clock to the correct time in UTC
• Configure the correct timezone
• Basic NTP configuration using ntpd and chrony
• Knowledge of using the pool.ntp.org service
• Awareness of the ntpq command

System logging
Candidates should be able to configure rsyslog. This objective also includes configuring the logging daemon to send log output to a central log server or accept log output as a central log server. Use of the systemd journal subsystem is covered. Also, awareness of syslog and syslog-ng as alternative logging systems is included.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Basic configuration of rsyslog
• Understanding of standard facilities, priorities and actions
• Query the systemd journal
• Filter systemd journal data by criteria such as date, service or priority
• Configure persistent systemd journal storage and journal size
• Delete old systemd journal data
• Retrieve systemd journal data from a rescue system or file system copy
• Understand interaction of rsyslog with systemd-journald
• Configuration of logrotate
• Awareness of syslog and syslog-ng

Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) basics
Candidates should be aware of the commonly available MTA programs and be able to perform basic forward and alias configuration on a client host. Other configuration files are not covered.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Create e-mail aliases
• Configure e-mail forwarding
• Knowledge of commonly available MTA programs (postfix, sendmail, exim) (no configuration)

Manage printers and printing
Candidates should be able to manage print queues and user print jobs using CUPS and the LPD compatibility interface.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Basic CUPS configuration (for local and remote printers)
• Manage user print queues
• Troubleshoot general printing problems
• Add and remove jobs from configured printer queues

Networking Fundamentals

Fundamentals of internet protocols
Candidates should demonstrate a proper understanding of TCP/IP network fundamentals.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Demonstrate an understanding of network masks and CIDR notation
• Knowledge of the differences between private and public "dotted quad" IP addresses
• Knowledge about common TCP and UDP ports and services (20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 53, 80, 110, 123, 139, 143, 161, 162, 389, 443, 465, 514, 636, 993, 995)
• Knowledge about the differences and major features of UDP, TCP and ICMP
• Knowledge of the major differences between IPv4 and IPv6
• Knowledge of the basic features of IPv6

Persistent network configuration
Candidates should be able to manage the persistent network configuration of a Linux host.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Understand basic TCP/IP host configuration
• Configure ethernet and wi-fi network using NetworkManager
• Awareness of systemd-networkd

Basic network troubleshooting
Candidates should be able to troubleshoot networking issues on client hosts.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Manually configure network interfaces, including viewing and changing the configuration of network interfaces using iproute2
• Manually configure routing, including viewing and changing routing tables and setting the default route using iproute2
• Debug problems associated with the network configuration
• Awareness of legacy net-tools commands

Configure client side DNS
Candidates should be able to configure DNS on a client host.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Query remote DNS servers
• Configure local name resolution and use remote DNS servers
• Modify the order in which name resolution is done
• Debug errors related to name resolution
• Awareness of systemd-resolved

Security

Perform security administration tasks
Candidates should know how to review system configuration to ensure host security in accordance with local security policies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Audit a system to find files with the suid/sgid bit set
• Set or change user passwords and password aging information
• Being able to use nmap and netstat to discover open ports on a system
• Set up limits on user logins, processes and memory usage
• Determine which users have logged in to the system or are currently logged in
• Basic sudo configuration and usage

Setup host security
Candidates should know how to set up a basic level of host security.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Awareness of shadow passwords and how they work
• Turn off network services not in use
• Understand the role of TCP wrappers

Securing data with encryption
The candidate should be able to use public key techniques to secure data and communication.
Key Knowledge Areas:
• Perform basic OpenSSH 2 client configuration and usage
• Understand the role of OpenSSH 2 server host keys
• Perform basic GnuPG configuration, usage and revocation
• Use GPG to encrypt, decrypt, sign and verify files
• Understand SSH port tunnels (including X11 tunnels)

Virtual Courses

ALL of our courses can be delivered virtually. And our Bath public schedule of courses are now available as live virtual sessions, using the popular Zoom Virtual Classroom and remote labs. Delegates can test their access at: www.zoom.us/test

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